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section: looking ahead: world problems in the new century

41. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 2
Alexander Gungov

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This paper discusses various social simulacra or real illusions as a substitution for traditional ideologies. Unlike ideologies, simulacra do not pretend to give a true explanation of reality but take its place. They rely on sign codes that create a totality erasing any distinction between the original reality and its copies or interpretations. The new reality principle itself is a product of the simulacrum. Nevertheless, there is a way to go beyond this enchantment; it consists of three steps: irony, parody, and grotesque. The grotesque is the final level of the dissolution of the simulacrum, disclosing the ugly realm hidden by the real illusion.
42. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 2
Galib A. Khan

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A Utopia in a conceptually complete form consists in four aspects, which are the aesthetic, psychological, sociological and moral aspects. In this sense the concept of Utopia has remained in the West as something not practically feasible. In Eastern thought, though, this concept did not develop in an institutional form, yet an instance in the East can be traced which fulfils, at least partially, the above mentioned aspects of this Buddhism may be considered as satisfying the psychological of a utopia. From this perspective a synthetic view of Eastern concept. For example, and the moral aspects and Western ideas of utopia is proposed in this paper.

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43. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 2

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44. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 2

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