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1. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
David M. Craig Religious Values in the Health Care Market: Stories and Structures from Catholic and Jewish Hospitals
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USING QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS AT CATHOLIC AND JEWISH HOSPITAL organizations, this essay contrasts the market-driven reforms of consumer-directed health care and physician entrepreneurship with the mission-driven structures of religious nonprofits. A structural analysis of values in health care makes a convoluted system more transparent. It also demonstrates the limitations of market reforms to the extent that they erode organizational structures of solidarity, which are needed to pool risks, shift costs, and maintain safety nets in a complex and expensive health economy.
2. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Jonathan Tran Transgressing Borders: Genetic Research, Immigration, and Discourses of Sacrifice
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UTILIZING MICHEL FOUCAULT'S CONCEPTION OF "PLAGUE" AS A DESCRIPtion of states of exception, this essay analyzes America's plans to genetically screen illegal immigrants. It argues that liberal democratic theory presupposes the exceptionalism of the nation-state and hence justifies sacrifices to appease the tragic order of things. The use of genetic technology in current American immigration policy instantiates these "necessary" sacrifices, extending agency and visibility in a never-ending struggle to foreclose every manner of contingency. In contrast, I offer a "doxological" view of space that, eschewing this tragic economy, re-imagines the world by resisting foreclosure and "laboring" to remain open. After theorizing the genetic screening of illegal immigrants through Foucault's "plague" and Hans Jonas' work on sacrifice, I articulate the globalized nation-state as the exception for violence and conclude with political theology's more capacious view of space and cultural identity.
3. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Harlan Beckley Theological Ethics and Global Dynamic: In the Time of Many Worlds; Humanity before God: Contemporary Faces of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Ethics; The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics
4. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
James P. Gubbins Positive Psychology: Friend or Foe of Religious Virtue Ethics?
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THIS ESSAY OUTLINES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGIOUS VIRTUE ethics and positive psychology—a field that has grown exponentially since its inauguration in 1998 by Martin Seligman, then president of the American Psychological Association. This essay shows how positive psychology, through its comprehensive classification of human virtues in Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification, opens the possibility of dialogue between empirical psychology and religious virtue ethics; considers some internal and external challenges to positive psychology's approach; and examines one of positive psychology's virtues, the virtue of humanity, and indicates how a Thomistic religious virtue ethics presents a more compelling account of this virtue. The conclusion provides a brief answer to the question, Is positive psychology friend or foe?
5. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Donna Yarri Loyal Dissent: Memoir of a Catholic Theologian
6. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Judith W. Kay The Exodus and Racism: Paradoxes for Jewish Liberation
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THE EXODUS STORY HAS BEEN A SOURCE OF BOTH IDENTIFICATION AND conflict for American Jews and blacks. As a source of identification, blacks saw themselves as Hebrew slaves pitted against white Pharaohs, while blacks' plight resonated with Jewish immigrants. As a source of tension, the Exodus story obscured how Jews were caught between blackness and whiteness. Jews were neither Pharaohs nor slaves but instead functioned as agents of the ruling elites over blacks. Jewish vulnerability derives from potential abandonment from below and above, a type of oppression not captured by the Exodus story. When Jews combat racism and forge black—Jewish alliances, they reduce their susceptibility to becoming isolated from potential allies. Combating racism thus is central to Jewish liberation. White Christians have an important role in preventing anti-Semitism from disrupting efforts to eliminate racism and build an effective black—Jewish coalition.
7. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Dawn M. Nothwehr Transforming the Powers: Peace, Justice, and the Domination System; Justice in a Global Economy: Strategies for Home, Community, and World
8. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Preface
9. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Audrey R. Chapman Health Care Reform: The Potential Contributions of a Faith-based Approach
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THERE IS WIDESPREAD DISSATISFACTION WITH THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM in this country. This essay outlines why. It then reviews and evaluates the contributions of the faith community to the discussions of health care reform to assess whether the perspective and contributions of religious actors are distinct from secular approaches. Finally, it proposes different emphases for the religious community's future involvement with health care reform.
10. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
James F. Keenan From Teaching Confessors to Guiding Lay People: The Development of Catholic Moral Theologians from 1900—1965
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TWENTIETH-CENTURY CATHOLIC MORAL THEOLOGIANS HAVE ABANDONED their long-standing primary task of being teachers of priests who need specific interpretations of the law to hear confessions properly. By 1965 they had become guardians of the personal consciences of lay people seeking to become disciples of Christ. This shift was occasioned by a sustained debate between manualists and revisionists in which they argued about the primary locus of moral theology (whether in actions or in persons), about the locus of moral truth (whether in normative, magisterial teaching or in personal judgments of conscience), and about the objectivity of moral truth (exclusive or inclusive of the moral agent).
11. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Alejandro Crosthwaite Aparecida: Catholicism in Latin America and the Caribbean at the Crossroads
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CELAM'S APARECIDA DOCUMENTS NOTED THAT THE CHURCH IN LATIN America has neglected the countless builders of the influential and baptized society. Does this apparent change in pastoral strategy mean a shift from a "preferential option for the poor" to a preferential option for the elites? Is this a reflection of the struggle between bishops who hold onto a "Christendom" and managerialist vision and those who presuppose a "class struggle" in their sociopolitical commitments? Or is it a movement toward a more inclusive and balanced praxis, reaffirming the laity's specific political vocation to order the world's temporal goods according to the common good?
12. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Richard A. Peddicord From the Heart of the Church: The Catholic Social Tradition; Prophetic & Public: The Social Witness of U.S. Catholicism
13. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Ana T. Bedard Us versus Them?: U.S. Immigration and the Common Good
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THEOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS ON IMMIGRATION HAVE LARGELY FOCUSED ON mandates to love the stranger and protect human rights. The U.S. and Mexican bishops' pastoral letter "Strangers No Longer" is no different. However, this ethical focus leaves Christians without sufficient theological guidance when seeking to balance concern for immigrants and U.S. citizens alike. This essay examines undocumented immigration to the United States through the lens of the common good, using a contemporary Catholic feminist understanding of the common good. It examines the impact of immigration on this country and makes policy recommendations that are consistent with the common good. Many of the recommendations are consonant with the bishops' recommendations, but one important recommendation missed by the bishops is that efforts to promote a liberal immigration policy must be accompanied by efforts to promote just wages and working conditions for all low-wage U.S. workers.
14. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Grace Y. Kao, Ramón Luzárraga, Darryl Trimiew, Christine E. Gudorf Managing Diversity in Academe
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THE OCCASION FOR THE ESSAYS RESPONDING TO MANAGING DIVERSITY IN academe follows in response to a challenge issued by Miguel De La Torre in a 2006 plenary panel regarding the invisibility of minority scholars' work in SCE publications. That 2006 panel, which included presentations by De La Torre, Melanie Harris, Gabriel Salgado, and Darryl Trimiew, stimulated discussions in both the Women's Caucus and the meeting of the Board of Directors; this set of essays from a 2008 plenary session and a concurrent session held later in the meeting is the result of those earlier discussions. The two sessions both address diversity: these essays feature minority voices presenting specific proposals for how minority scholarship should and should not be used by majority and other minority scholars; the concurrent session featured a discussion by majority scholars on what whites must do to diversify the society. Our hope is that these essays and the discussions they generate will shed more light on this extremely complex and important issue for the SCE and the institutions in which members work.
15. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Contributors
16. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Gerald S. Vigna Church Ethics and Its Organizational Context: Learning from the Sex Abuse Scandal in the Catholic Church; Common Calling: The Laity & Governance of the Catholic Church
17. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Ted A. Smith Reviewed Work: Covenant and Communication: A Christian Moral Conversation with Jürgen Habermas
18. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
James T. Bretzke A Moral Creed for All Christians
19. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
Laura A. Stivers Making a Home for All in God's Compassionate Community: A Feminist Liberation Assessment of Christian Responses to Homelessness and Housing
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THE AMERICAN DREAM INCLUDES OWNING A HOME, ANDTHE BIGGER THE better. Christian responses to homelessness and housing vary. Some Christian organizations focus on fixing the person and the behaviors that contribute to homelessness. Others promote home ownership for low-income households. Employing aspects of Traci West's feminist liberationist ethical methodology, I will assess how these approaches buy into our culture's dominant ideology on housing or offer prophetic disruption. Then I will outline an advocacy approach that addresses the multiple causes of homelessness and prophetically aims to make a home for all in God's compassionate community.
20. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics: Volume > 28 > Issue: 2
William R. Montross Jr. Go, Witness, and Speak
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WITHTHE OVERWHELMINGLY DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBER OF BLACK MEN on death row, some argue that today's death penalty executions in the United States are the equivalent of legalized lynching. Others may charge this equivalence as hyperbole, but the numbers betray a system of racialized injustice that people of good will ought to reject today as did like-willed people of the churches, synagogues, and community organizations of the years leading up to the civil rights movement and beyond. This essay exposes the factors of race and poverty that lead to determinations of the guilt or innocence and the likelihood of a death or life sentence to those convicted of capital crimes.