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81. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Thomas Schneider Stakeholder Identities, Trust and Cooperation: A Social Identity Perspective
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I introduce a conceptualization of stakeholders as social groups and of stakeholder relationships as intergroup processes. Drawing on instrumental stakeholdertheory and social identity theory, I argue that salient stakeholder identities affect trust and cooperation in issue-based stakeholder relationships differently. Two web-based experimental studies are presented to support this claim. Study 1 (N = 115) provides evidence for the negative impact of salient specific stakeholder identities on trust and cooperation among stakeholders in the context of a complex issue. Study 2 (N = 83) introduces the concept of a superordinated stakeholder identity to counteract these harmful consequences of salient specific stakeholder identities. Further, both studies support the hypothesis of intergroup trust being a mediator of the relationship between an individual’s identification with a stakeholder group and cooperation.
82. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Tanusree Jain The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Corporate Social Orientation: A Comparative Analysis of U.S., German and Indian Companies
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This paper addresses two main issues. First, it develops a systematic mechanism to examine corporate social orientation (CSO) by contextualizing the researcharound the 2007 global financial crisis and second, it applies this mechanism to compare the CSOs across the U.S., Germany and India. Using a 7-code index of CSO on a sample of financial companies across the three countries, this paper captures the dissolution of loose couplings between corporate private intentions and corporate public pretentions thereby exposing the de-facto CSOs. The results provide evidence of country of origin effects on CSO and capture the dynamic aspect of CSO, not yet shown in previous studies.
83. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Aimee Dars Ellis, Katherine Oertel Challenging Consumer Behavior: Reducing the Use of Bottled Water at the IABS Conference
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Bottled water drains natural resources and harms the environment. Yet, sometimes conference attendees rely on bottled water for the sake of convenience. Thispaper, summarizing our interactive session, outlines the issues associated with the manufacture, distribution, and disposal of bottled water. Next, we present results of the Bottled Water Challenge, summarizing attendees ideas for reducing the use of bottled water at IABS. Finally, we outline how the Bottled Water Challenge can be adapted for other instructional uses.
84. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
2013 Conference Attendees
85. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Deborah L. Kidder, John R. Ogilvie Social Innovations in the Classroom: Reconceptualizing the Teaching of Negotiations Skills to Business Students
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The purpose of this paper is to describe an empirical study aimed at examining whether a student’s competitiveness orientation in a negotiation class could be shifted to a more socially responsible collaborative orientation. Several subtle manipulations were made between two different sections of the same undergraduate negotiation class. Data on competitiveness, empathy and perspective taking were collected at the beginning and again at the conclusion of the class. While sample size limited the impact of the findings, the data suggested that the manipulations may have had a positive effect.
86. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Laquita C. Blockson, Judith A. White, John Dienhart Teaching Business and Society / Business Ethics Content to Adult Learners
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This workshop complemented a Professional Development Workshop offered at the 2012 Academy of Management meeting on “Effective online teaching for social and environmental topics.” This workshop provided new perspectives on how to adapt and enhance Business & Society/Business Ethics (B&S/BE) undergraduate courses with the adult learner in mind. This workshop was led by conference participants who have experience teaching B&S/BE courses for adult learners.
87. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
IABS Past Presidents, Conference Chairs, and Proceedings Editors
88. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Kathie L. Court Mapping the Economic Contribution of Women Entrepreneurs
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The purpose of this research was to discover and describe the economic contribution one group of women entrepreneurs. The research participants were lowresource and laid-off women who had graduated from a Microenterprise Assistance Program (MEP). There was no differentiation among women by age, race, or ethnicity. The theoretical landscape that underpins this research includes economic geography and women entrepreneurs, and entrepreneurship and economic development. This research provided a geographic representation of the dispersion and volume of the self-reported business expenses of women entrepreneurs located in one geographic area. In addition, this research developed and examined the viability of an assessment tool that maps the business payments made by entrepreneurs.
89. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
2013 Conference Program
90. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
2013 Conference Session Chairs
91. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Caterina Tantalo, Bruce Paton Value Innovation through Value Co-creation: The Stewardship Model in an Italian SME
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Recent studies have shown that we should re-think the value creation process leveraging the utility functions of multiple stakeholders (Harrison et al., 2010; Tantalo and Priem, 2010; Tantalo, 2011). Following this approach, we develop a case study that shows a real example of shared value creation. The case focuses on Palm, a small Italian pallet manufacturer that has adopted a socially and environmentally conscious business model that produces value for multiple stakeholders.
92. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
John M. Holcomb Corporate Electoral Activities and the 2012 Elections: Impact of the Citizens United Decision
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This paper challenges the conventional wisdom concerning the impact of the Citizens United v. FEC decision by examining the flow of corporate money into the 2012 election. The decision, which is consistent with most prior case law and was not a radical departure, promoted the use of super PACs and 501-c(4) committees for political money that were not widely used by corporations, and the super PACs and c-4 committees were largely ineffective in the 2012 election. They also did not produce a marked advantage for the Republican Party, especially in the presidential election. The Citizens United decision did, however, lead to other legal and regulatory developments in an effort to promote greater disclosure, though those developments have not been successful. Investors have been somewhat more successful in promoting limits on corporate political spending through shareholder proposals. Some state laws and upcoming court cases maylimit other restrictions on political contributions.
93. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Tara L. Ceranic Time for a Tune-Up: Engaged Learning for a New Generation of Business Students
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The Millennial Generation (Gen Y) has grown up with unprecedented access to technology and they view learning and access to information differently than previous generations. These differences mean that there is a need to engage them in new and creative ways in the classroom. This paper offers a variety of pedagogical approaches for Business & Society that are linked specifically to generational differences in order to better address the needs of Gen Y. Responses from student reflections to these changes are discussed, as are limitations and considerations necessary when making any extensive pedagogical shifts.
94. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Jerry M. Calton A De-Centered Stakeholder Network Path to Creating Mutual Value: Is Wal-Mart Showing the Way?
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This paper draws upon recent insights into the emergence of issue-focused stakeholder networks which engage in a co-creative process for constructing mutual value. It applies these insights to evaluate Wal-Mart CEO Lee Scott’s “21st Century Leadership” effort to impose an ethical supply chain control system in China. The paper concludes that further institutional innovation (especially relating to the decentered process of co-creative learning) is needed to realize the potential of 21st century transformational leadership at Wal-Mart and elsewhere.
95. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Aimee Dars Ellis, Duncan Duke, G. Scott Erickson, Marian Brown, Katherine Oertel Town-Gown Partnerships: Experiential Exercises for Education in Social Innovation
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Experiential education produces numerous benefits to students in terms of higher order thinking skills such as the ability to evaluate, analyze, and synthesizeinformation (Illeris, 2007; Ives & Obenchain, 2006; Lidon, Rebollar, & Møller, 2011), engagement (Baker & Comer, 2012), and work-readiness (Jollands, Jolly, & Molyneaux, 2012). Partnering with community organizations provides a means to create experiential education opportunities for students. In this symposium, we discussed three examples of experiential education to promote learning around themes of sustainability, providing a brief outline of the activities, the intended outcomes, and the lessons learned from our experiences. We concluded with a meditation on the importance of working with community partners and managing expectations so that students, the community, and the institutions gain the best possible outcomes when creating town-gown partnerships for sustainability education.
96. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Bryan W. Husted, José Salazar Pricing Social Externalities: The Case of Income Inequality
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Using the Theil index to measure income inequality, we define a specific firm’s contribution to overall income inequality and propose a simple model to find theequilibrium price for a given target of income inequality reduction. We first establish income inequality reduction targets for a population of firms. We then model a marginal income inequality reduction cost curve and match demand and supply to derive the equilibrium price. Using a small sample of fifteen firms, we simulate a market for income inequality reduction and calculate the equilibrium price.
97. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Jae Hwan Lee, Ronald K. Mitchell “Stakeholder Work” and Stakeholder Research
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As important stakeholder research streams have built their own silos over time, it has become increasingly difficult to visualize a full picture of stakeholder management. To begin to address this gap, we synthesize five distinct stakeholder research streams, which include stakeholder identification, stakeholder understanding, stakeholder awareness, stakeholder prioritization, and stakeholder action. We juxtapose each of these five stakeholder research streams with Scott’s framework consisting of participants, socials structure, environment, technology, and goals of an organization, respectively. What emerges from this analysis of the literature is the notion of “stakeholder work” defined as the purposive processes of an organization aimed at identifying, understanding, being aware of, prioritizing, and acting with respect to stakeholders.
98. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
S. Prakash Sethi, Donald H. Schepers Developing a Framework for Critiquing Multi-Stakeholder Codes of Conduct
99. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Frederik Dahlmann, Stephen Brammer Reducing Carbon Emissions Worldwide: MNCs and Global Environmental Performance
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This paper prepares an investigation into environmental performance among multinational enterprises in the context of greenhouse gas emissions. The authors offer a theoretical background about how MNCs are faced with opposing choices with regard to standardising or adjusting their local environmental performances. Moreover, we outline a potential methodology for exploring the variation in MNCs’ levels of greenhouse gas emissions around the world.
100. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 2013
Duane Windsor Authenticity, Greenwashing, and Institutionalization of CSR Best Practices
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This paper explores relationships among authenticity, greenwashing, and institutionalization of best practices for corporate social responsibility (CSR). The issue of authenticity versus greenwashing in CSR and stakeholder engagement practices has become an increasingly important topic of activist debate and scholarly inquiry. This paper identifies some relevant literature, defines authenticity and greenwashing, and seeks to connect the definitional distinction to institutionalization of CSR best practices. Connection involves definition and identification of “best” practices for CSR.