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1. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Gloria Vergara Presencia de Schiller en la poesía mexicana
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To speak of the influence of German poetry in Mexican Literature is a paradoxical question. On one hand, some critics affirm that Goethe and Schiller had a decisive influence over the Mexican romantic authors, while others as Enrique Anderson Imbert (History of Hispano-American Literature), only underline the indirect influence over them. In this essay, an analysis is made regarding the possible influence of Friedrich von Schiller and its aesthetics ideas as a poet and playwright, in Mexican poetry. This essay further studies Manuel M. Flores and Manuel José Othón, both recognized poets which work shows an appreciation of Schiller.
2. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Gloria Vergara Mujer de palabras. Las contradicciones identitarias en la visión poética de Rosario Castellanos
3. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Gloria Vergara La Experiencia Estética en el Pensamiento de Roman Ingarden
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The Aesthetic Experience in Roman Ingarden’s thinking . In this article we study the ideas of the Polish philosopher, Roman Ingarden, as an essential key inthe discussion on literary reception. The notion of "aesthetic experience" is revised, especially in The Cognition of the Literary Work of Art. Ingarden begins aesthetic discussion, trying to answer two fundamental questions: How is the literary work structured? and Which procedure will lead to an understanding of the literary art work of art? These questions, besides serving in his defense against psychologism and positivism of his time, also help him develop his two most popular works in Spanish: The Literary Work of Art and The Cognition of the Literary Work of Art, in which the Polish philosopher clarifies the principles that of the Reception Theory. Nevertheless, the importance of the aesthetic experience in the linguistic and phenomenology dimensions of the literary text is only understood when we study both works. Ingarden, as his translator to Spanish, Gerald Nyenhuis recognizes, presupposes in his second book the first one where he performs a constant trip from ontology to phenomenology in the literary work of art. It is precisely in this search where he nails his concept of aesthetic experience that we study today in relation with other concepts, such as the aesthetic attitude, the pre-aesthetic knowledge, the role of the aesthetic values and the aesthetic object.
4. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Jesús Leticia Mendoza Pérez Teoría de Roman Ingarden en "Lección de Cocina" de Rosario Castellanos
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This article is part of a wider investigation about the married woman representation in three of the stories included in Family Album (Álbum de familia) of Rosario Castellanos, which have the same characteristics: the author, the narrator and the main character are women. The purpose of this work is analyze the story "Lesson of cooking" ("Lección de cocina") based on Roman Ingarden's literary theory -mainly from the "phonic material" stratus- to search through the linguistic formations the artistic and aesthetic values, and then, to interpret the fictitious world of Mexican married women. Literature is one of the best ways to understand reality.
5. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Gloria Vergara Alcanzar la luz: Configuración de una poética del fuego en la obra de Enriqueta Ochoa
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Following the poetics of Gastón Bachelard, the Mexican poet Enriqueta Ochoa takes us to the intensity of the being across the metaphorical configuration of subjectivity. We are a bonfire, us humans, a wasps’ nest, according to the generating principle of the cosmic image of fire in Electra's Return. But this wasps’ nest, before appearing as despair, is a desire. I carus principle is applied in the body that burns for the illusion, for the enchantment of freedom and for the desire as manifestation of fire. In this respect, one of the most important visions in Enriqueta Ochoa’s poem is that of the wasps’ nest, metaphor of the combustion that is generated in flames. Burning is a verb close to human existence. Burning is proof of the existential suffering, of being alive. From the image of the wasps’ nest, the fire turns into the mark of desperation as sting of desire.